Safeguarding children and vulnerable adults


The term ‘safeguarding’ can apply to both adults and children and is about protecting them, preventing their abuse or neglect and educating those around them to recognise the signs and dangers.    

Abuse can be financial, emotional, psychological, sexual or physical; a list of types of abuse is given below.

Safeguarding usually refers to those who may be vulnerable; this can include:


  • children and young people under the age of 18

  • people with physical, visual, hearing or learning disability

  • people with mental health issues

  • the elderly, frail or ill

  • those suffering from any form of domestic abuse  


If someone is in immediate danger, a child has been left alone or is missing, contact the police and/or ambulance service directly on 999.

If there is no immediate danger contact the Northamptonshire Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hub by telephone on 0300 126 1000

or by email: 

Outside of normal office hours (Monday to Friday from 8:00am to 6:00pm) contact the Out-of-Hours Service: 01604 626938

NCC Adult Care Team 0300 126 1000

Age UK Advice Line 0800 169 6565

Prevent Team: 101 extension 343931

Categories of abuse

Physical abuse 

May involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer feigns the symptoms of, or deliberately causes, ill health to a person for whom they are caring.

Emotional abuse 

Is the persistent emotional ill-treatment such as to cause severe adverse effects. It may involve making someone feel that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only in so far as they meet the needs of another person.

Sexual abuse 

Involves forcing or enticing a person to become involved in sexual activities, whether or not they are aware of what is happening.

Sexual Exploitation 

Of people under 18 involves exploitative situations and relationships where young people receive something (for example drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, gifts, money) as a result of them performing sexual activities.

Child sexual exploitation can occur through the use of technology without the child or young person being aware; for example being persuaded to post sexual images on their mobile phone.


Is the persistent failure to meet basic physical and/or psychological needs, and is likely to result in the serious impairment of health or development.

Financial or material abuse

Including theft, fraud, exploitation, pressure in connection with wills, property or inheritance or financial transactions, the misuse or misappropriation of property or benefits.


Is a form of crime in which drug dealers take over the home of a vulnerable person in order to use it as a base for drug dealing.

Modern slavery 

Covers human trafficking, forced labour and domestic slavery. Traffickers and slave masters coerce, deceive and force individuals into a life of abuse, slavery and inhumane treatment.


You can read the full Policy here.