Guide to neighbourhood planning

What is neighbourhood planning?

 The Localism Act 2011 introduced three types of neighbourhood planning: 


  • Neighbourhood Development Plan, which allows local communities to shape development in their own area that could then be used in the determination of planning applications.
  • Neighbourhood Development Order, whereby a local community can grant planning permission for certain types of development in a defined area
  • Community Right-to-Build Order, which is a type of neighbourhood development order and allows a local community to bring forward small developments for housing, business or community facilities.


The National Planning Policy Framework states that neighbourhood development plans should be aligned with the strategic needs and priorities of the wider local area. They should plan positively, shaping and directing development in their area that is outside the strategic elements of any local plans.   


While neighbourhood development plans can influence local development, they must still be in general conformity with the policies and proposals in local plans. In Daventry District this includes the West Northamptonshire Joint Core Strategy and the emerging Daventry Settlements and Countryside Local Plan.


Seven steps to preparing a Neighbourhood Development Plan

The following information aims to provide a step-by-step guide for organisations wishing to develop a Neighbourhood Development Plan for their area.

Scroll down to find out more or click on the following links to go straight to that section:

  1. Define and designate the Neighbourhood Area

  2. Preparing the draft plan

  3. Consultation on the draft plan

  4. Pre-submission consultation

  5. Examination

  6. Community Referendum

  7. Making a Neighbourhood Plan

 

Step One: Define and designate 

Where they exist, a town or parish council is the only 'qualifying body' that can prepare a neighbourhood development plan in their area. The town or parish council, or neighbourhood forum or a group capable of being a Neighbourhood Forum, should formally submit a neighbourhood area application to Daventry District Council.

The submission should include: 

  • A map identifying the proposed boundary of the neighbourhood area
  • A statement explaining why it is considered an appropriate neighbourhood area
  • A statement that the organisation making the application is a relevant body 

In many cases a parish is likely to be the appropriate boundary for the neighbourhood area. But where a parish is too large and diverse, or is made up of multiple settlements, it may be more appropriate for it to be divided into multiple neighbourhood areas.  This would not prevent a single parish council co-ordinating neighbourhood development plans for those neighbourhoods, but would allow each distinct area to take its own decision without being bound by the views of people who are not directly affected by the proposals. 

In all cases, when making a designation Daventry District Council will aim to ensure that the neighbourhood area will not subsequently need to be altered to enable more logical neighbourhood boundaries in the future.


Application process

Once an application has been received by the Council the designation process will depend on the extent of the neighbourhood area:

  • If the area designation is for the whole parish and the application is valid, the Council will automatically designate the area as a neighbourhood area.
  • If the area designation is for part of a parish or extends into another parish or district, the process will take longer. A public consultation must take place and the final decision will be made by Full Council where possible.
  • In all cases Daventry District Council need to consider whether the area applied for should be designated as a Business Area

If the application is for the whole parish area the District Council can only amend the boundary of the proposed area if any of the area has already been designated or if there is an outstanding application for designation.

If the District Council considers that the area is wholly or predominantly business in nature it should be designated as a business area.  If so, there will be a second referendum for the business sector (see Step 5 below).


Areas without a town or parish council

If a town or parish council does not exist then a community group known as a 'neighbourhood forum’ must be established to lead the process.  An application to designate a neighbourhood forum must be submitted to the District Council.

The application should include: 

  • The name of the proposed neighbourhood forum
  • A copy of the written constitution
  • The name of the neighbourhood area to which the application relates and a map which identifies the area
  • The contact details of at least one member that can be made public
  • A statement explaining how the proposed forum meets the following conditions: 
  1. It is established to promote or improve the social, economic and environmental well-being of the neighbourhood area.
  2. It has a minimum of 21 individual members and membership is open to: people living in the area; people who work in the area; elected members of the County or District Councils whose falls within the neighbourhood area concerned.
  3. It has a written constitution. 

The District Council has 13 weeks to determine an application or 20 weeks if the application is made to more than one local planning authority. During this time the Council will publicise the application for six weeks and invite representations.  The forum application will then be determined by the District Council under the same delegated process that is in place for determining neighbourhood area applications. 


Step Two: Preparing the draft plan

Once a Neighbourhood Area is designated, the town or parish council or forum (the ‘qualifying body’) should start preparing the plan. They must engage the community and build an evidence base to justify the eventual policies and proposals. 

The Council encourages early dialogue with groups preparing neighbourhood plans and will provide advice and assistance. Once a draft plan has been produced, the Council will undertake a screening report to determine whether the content of the plan requires a Strategic Environmental Assessment. 

If the group wish to consider allocating sites it will be important to liaise with landowners and assess a number of options. Download our Site Assessment form for further guidance on carrying out this process.

An evidence base checklist has also been produced which might be helpful when formulating the draft plan.

Groups may also find it useful to engage their own independent professional advisors to guide them through the process.

Groups may wish to define their own village confines. The Council have produced a guidance note to support groups with this exercise.

A project plan template is also available for groups to download and use to help plan the timescales for the development of a Neighbourhood Plan. 

 


Step Three: Consultation on the draft plan (Regulation 14)

Before submitting the plan to the District Council the qualifying body must bring the proposals to the attention to people who live, work or carry on business in the area.  This stage must include a 6-week consultation period for representations to be made. This is commonly referred to as the Regulation 14 consultation.

During this six-week period the qualifying body must also consult a number of statutory consultees: Northamptonshire County Council; adjoining parish councils; the Homes England; Natural England; The Environment Agency; Historic England; Highways England; relevant voluntary sector organisations; and the District Council.  The Council will provide a database of those who should be consulted.

The qualifying body should then consider the responses and possibly revise the proposals in the light of comments received before submitting their plan to Daventry District Council.



Step Four: Submission consultation (Regulation 16)

The submitted draft Neighbourhood Plan must include:

  • A map or statement, which needs to identify the neighbourhood area to which the plan relates

  • A consultation statement

  • The proposed neighbourhood development plan containing all the policies and proposals, including any site specific allocations

  • A statement explaining how the plan has met the ‘basic conditions’.

  • A statement confirming that the plan does not give rise to significant environmental affects.

The consultation statement should contain details of the people and organisations that were consulted on the draft plan.  It should explain how they were consulted and summarise the main issues and concerns that were raised.  The statement should describe how these issues have been considered and addressed in the proposed plan. This should demonstrate that there has been good community engagement and that it has informed the content of the plan.

The neighbourhood development plan must also meet certain ‘basic conditions’ before it can come into force. These include that the plan:


  • Must have regard to national policies and advice, such as the National Planning Policy Framework

  • Must contribute to the achievement of sustainable development

  • Must be in general conformity with the strategic policies in the development plan for the area, which includes any adopted local plans

  • Must be compatible with European obligations and human rights requirements.


The planning guidance website contains further information on the basic conditions. In terms of general conformity with the strategic policies of the development plan, this includes all policies of the West Northamptonshire Joint Core Strategy (Part 1), the strategic saved policies of the 1997 Daventry District Local Plan and the emerging Settlements and Countryside Local Plan (Part 2).

A statement explaining how the plan meets these basic conditions needs to accompany the plan. In addition, the statement needs to document the process the group has been through.

Providing the submitted plan meets these requirements the District Council will then formally publicise the proposals for six weeks and invite representations. This is commonly referred to as the Regulation 16 consultation. 



Step Five: Examination

The District Council will work with the qualifying body to appoint an independent examiner. The role of the examiner is to  consider any representations, check that it meets the basic conditions. This includes checking it:

  • Is appropriate having regard to national policy

  • Contributes to the achievement of sustainable development

  • Is in general conformity with the strategic policies in the development plan. 


Neighbourhood Plan examinations are carried out in line with the guidance issued by the Neighbourhood Planning Independent Examiner Referral Service.

During the examination, the examiner may ask questions of clarification of the District Council and qualifying body on various issues.  As a general rule, the examiner will reach a view on the plan based on written representations that were submitted to the Regulation 16 consultation, however, where the examiner considers it necessary to ensure thorough examination of an issue or to give parties a fair chance to put their case forward, a hearing will be held. 

Following consideration of the issues, conformity and whether the plan meets the basic conditions, the examiner will issue a report which may recommend changes.

The District Council will consider the examiner’s recommendations and whether the plan should proceed to referendum. The Council will seek agreement on a date with the qualifying body but where no agreement can be reached this decision will need to be taken within five weeks of receipt of the examiners report.



Step Six: Community Referendum

Those eligible will be asked to vote on whether they want the District Council to use the Neighbourhood Plan to help it decide planning applications in the neighbourhood area.  A majority of people voting must support the plan if it is to be adopted by the District Council.

If it has been designated a business area a second referendum will be organised by the District Council for the business sector.   If only one referendum approves the proposed neighbourhood development plan the District Council has a choice over whether or not to approve it.

The Council have produced guidance on publicity for Councillors

Further guidance produced by the Council on publicity and expenses during the referendum period is also available.

 


Step Seven: Making of a Neighbourhood Plan

Following the referendum, if it is successful and there is a majority vote in favour of the plan the District Council will check that the making of the plan would not contravene Convention Rights or European Union Obligations. 

If satisfied that this is not the case the District Council will then make the plan and publicise its decision. The plan will then become part of the statutory development plan for the area with immediate effect.